Forum: The Rights and Wrongs of the Law

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Picking Quarrels and Provoking Trouble

by Jeremy Goldkorn

Cao Shunli, a civil rights activist, was arrested on charges of 'picking quarrels and provoking troubles'
Photo: renminbao.com

DURING 2013–2014, the authorities increasingly used the criminal charge of ‘picking quarrels and provoking troubles’ 寻衅滋事 to detain activists, writers and dissidents, including all those listed below. Another criminal charge authorities have used against political dissidents or critics is that of ‘gathering a crowd to disrupt public order’ 聚众扰乱公共场所秩序罪, for which the noted lawyer Xu Zhiyong is currently serving a four-year prison sentence.

Xu Zhiyong and the New Citizens' Movement

by Susan Trevaskes

Xu Zhiyong
Photo: news.sina.com.cn

XU ZHIYONG WAS until recently a lecturer at the Beijing University of Post and Telecommunications and is among China’s best-known human rights lawyers. He was awarded a PhD in law in 2002 from Peking University under the supervision of the famous legal scholar Zhu Suli 朱苏力. In the aftermath of the Sun Zhigang 孙志刚 incident (in which Sun, a young man, was beaten to death while in police custody in Guangzhou) in 2003 he was one of the three legal scholars who wrote to the National People’s Congress advocating the abolition of the system of Custody and Repatriation 收容遣送.

An Old Approach to New Protests

by Susan Trevaskes

In May 2014, fearing that a proposed waste incinerator plant for Hangzhou’s Yahang district would contaminate their water supply, over 20,000 residents took part in a public protest
Photo: Shared by a protestor via takungpao (大公报)

IN THE VIEW OF the party-state’s continuing sensitivity to social unrest, collective public protests remain a perceived threat to political stability. In May 2014, fearing that a proposed waste incinerator plant for Hangzhou’s Yahang district would contaminate their water supply, over 20,000 residents took part in a public protest, blocking a major highway. The following day, the local police, the procuratorate, courts and justice bureau jointly issued an ‘Important Notice’ accusing ‘criminals’ 犯罪者 and public order ‘offenders’ 违法者 of inciting others to beat up police, damage property and disturb the public order.

The Execution of Street Vendor Xia Junfeng

by Linda Jaivin

Anonymous cartoon posted on Weibo criticising Xia Junfeng’s execution. The background drawing was done by Xia’s son
Source: executedtoday.com/tag/shenyang/

XIA JUNFENG WAS a laid-off factory worker who sold grilled meat kebabs with his wife, Zhang Jing 张晶, in the city of Shenyang. On 16 May 2009, around ten chengguan, urban law enforcement officers, confronted the couple.

Almighty God: Murder in a McDonald's

by Aiden Xia

On 21 August 2014, members of Church of Almighty God were put on trial for homicide and ‘using a cult to undermine the law’. State media widely publicised the trial
Photo: Weibo/news.sohu.com

AT AROUND 9:00PM, on 28 May 2014, five people attacked and killed a woman in a McDonald’s restaurant in Zhaoyuan 招远, Shandong province. A bystander filmed the murder on a mobile phone and the footage spread rapidly on the Internet. Within days, the police announced that the suspected killers were all members of the Church of Almighty God (also known as Eastern Lightning 东方闪电 or The Real God 实际神), an organisation founded in 1990 by a physics teacher named Zhao Weishan 赵维山 and banned as a cult in 1995.

Terrorism and Violence in and from Xinjiang

by Jay Wang 王造玢

28 October 2013: Five people die when Usmen Hasan crashes into a crowd at Tiananmen Square
Photo: Weibo/thehindu.com

The last year has seen an unprecedented number of violent attacks in or linked to Xinjiang. These include attacks on civilians in railway stations and markets that were recorded on mobile phones and have been recognised by the international community (or at least US Secretary of State John Kerry) as terrorist attacks. The Chinese government sees these attacks as linked both to the Xinjiang independence and global jihadist movements. Below is a timeline of attacks and government responses.

Orange as the New Black

by Joanna (Yeejung) Yoon

Guo Meimei
Photo: CCTV/ent.qq.com

Since 15 July 2013, CCTV has aired a number of confessions made by people accused but not yet convicted of a wide variety of crimes. Many appeared in orange prison uniforms (either waistcoats or jumpsuits), with others in yellow and green.