Kiang Yung (Jiang Yong) 江庸

This article is excerpted from Biographies of Prominent Chinese, published in Shanghai in c.1925.

Kiang Yung

His Excellency Kiang Yung was born at Chang-tien Hsien, Fukien Province, in 1877. He studied at Waseda University, in Japan, where he specialized in law and economics. In 1907, the Imperial Chinese Government appointed him to conduct a mission to study the Japanese educational system. He graduated from Waseda in the autumn of the same year.

Upon his return to China he was engaged by the late President Yuan Shih-kai, who was then Grand Councillor, to be a teacher in the law school. Later, he was transferred to the Board of Education, and shortly afterward acted concurrently as teacher and Dean of the Law College.

In 1908, Minister Shan Chia-peng appointed him Assistant of the Law Revision Bureau. In 1909, Mr. Kiang passed the examinations held for the benefit of students who had studied abroad, and was given the degree of M.A. In 1910, he successfully passed the Imperial Examinations and received the degree of LL.D.

In 1911, he was appointed Director of the Government Law College at Peking. After the overthrow of the Imperial régime, he accompanied Mr. Tong Shao-yi on the peace mission to Shanghai. Upon the establishment of the Republic, he was appointed Judge of the Supreme Court, and later became Chief Justice of the High Court at Peking.

In 1913, His Excellency Liang Chi-chao became Minister of Justice, and Mr. Kiang was appointed Vice-Minister of Justice. In August 1916, Mr. Kiang acted as Minister of Justice; but in September of the same year, he resigned these posts owing to the movement to restore the monarchy.

At the same time when President Yuan Shih-kai aspired to be Emperor, Mr. Kiang tendered his resignation, as a protest. In spite of his outspokenness, he was not allowed to leave the Ministry. After the death of Yuan Shih-kai, he was appointed Vice-President of of the Law Codification Commission.

In 1917, he was again appointed Vice-Minister of Justice and acted for the Minister. In December of the same year, upon the reorganization of the Cabinet, he was appointed Minister of Justice. In the summer, when General Chang Hsun attempted a monarchical restoration, he left Peking for Tientsin. After the collapse of the movement, he was appointed, by Acting Premier Wang Shih-cheng, to the post of Minister of Justice; and he held this office for three months, resigning because his views differed from those of the other members of the Cabinet upon the question of the release of Chang Cheng-fang, a monarchist.

He was then appointed Director of the Chinese Educational Mission to Japan—where he remained for more than a year. In 1920, when the Anfu Party was overthrown, Mr. Kiang was specially appointed President of the Law Codification Commission, and at the beginning of 1921, ordered to act concurrently as Vice-Chairman of the Commission, to study the question of the abolition of extraterritoriality.

In December 1918, Mr. Kiang was awarded the Second Order of Tashou Paokuang Chiaho; in January 1920, the First Order of Tashou Chiaho; and in October 1922, the Fourth Order of Merit. In the spring of 1923, he left Peking as a protest against the mishandling of the case against His Excellency Lo Wen-kan. Later he returned; and now continues to make his home in Peking.

Kiang Yung text


A.R. Burt, J.B. Powell and Carl Crow, editors, Biographies of Prominent Chinese (Shanghai: Biographical Publishing Company Inc., c.1925). 52.