Huang Fu 黃郛

This article is excerpted from Biographies of Prominent Chinese, published in Shanghai in c.1925.Huang Fu


His Excellency Huang Fu was born at Hanchow, Chekiang, in 1993. He received his military education at the Chekiang Military School; then, at the Chun Wu Academy, in Japan; and, finally, at the Military Survey Academy, at Tokyo, from whence he was graduated in 1910. General Huang returned to China early in 1911. He successfully passed the examination for military students; and was awarded the rank of Chu-jen. In 1911, the Imperial Government planned an important manoeuvre, to be held near Shanhaikwan. General Huang was given charge of Foreign Reception.

After the outbreak of the revolution, General Huang, who had made many friends among revolutionary leaders, while in Japan, was sent by the Peking General Staff to be Military Intelligence Agent at Shanghai. Upon reaching Shanghai, General Huang joined General Ch’en Chi-mei (now deceased) who declared independence, at Shanghai, setting himself up as Tutuh. General Huang was his Chief Staff Officer. General Huang held many other important positions in connection with the revolution, such as: Superintendent of Military Transportation Headquarters of the Revolutionary Force, Chief Staff Officer of the late Marshal Huang Hsin, Chief Executive Protemp in Nanking, Commander-in-Chief of the 23rd Division, and Director in charge of the disbandment of revolutionary troops.

In the summer of 1913, the second revolution broke out. General Huang participated, in the capacity of Chief Staff Officer to General Ch’en Chi-mei at Shanghai. Upon the failure of the movement, General Huang, with other revolutionary leaders, retired to Japan. Early in 1914, he went to America, where remained for one year. He then spent a year in Singapore.

After the death of President Yuan Shih-kai, in June 1916, General Huang returned to China and accepted the position of Representative of the Chekiang Military Governor in Peking. From 1917 to 1920, General Huang made his home at Tientsin. In the first two years there, he devoted his entire time to writing articles regarding that which he had seen and learned during his sojourn in foreign countries. He wrote two books, in Chinese, entitled “Lessons from the European War and the Future of China”, and “The World after the War”. He also gave a series of lectures on international questions, at the Nankai College. During 1920-1921, he assisted President Hsu Shih-chang in writing a book called “China’s Finance and Education After the European War”.

He also served as Director of the Chinese Government Economic Information Bureau. In November 1920, he was awarded the Second Class Tashou Chiaho.

In 1921, General Huang went to Europe and America upon a semi-official mission to study post-war financial conditions. He was in America when the Washington Conference convened. He was appointed Advisor to the Chinese Delegation while serving as President Hsu Shih-chang’s personal representative to the Conference. He wrote a book entitled “The Initiation of the Washington Conference and Its Tendencies”. General Huang went to Europe before the close of the Conference. There he travelled for about six months; and then returned to China. In July 1922, he was awarded the Second Class Wenhu decoration; and, in August, he was made a Chiangchun with the title of Chu-wei. In October, he was awarded the Second Class Paokuang Chiaho.

In February 1923, General Huang was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs. He received the First Class Tashou Paokuang Chiaho decoration in the same month. In March, he was appointed Minister of Education, which post he held until January 1924. He delivered many lectures in Peking universities, and at the Headquarters of General Feng Yu-hsiang. In September 1924, General Huang became Minister of Education in the cabinet formed by Dr. W.W. Yen. Shortly afterwards, when General Feng Yu-hsiang succeeded in effecting the coup d’etat by which he gained control of the Peking Government, General Huang was appointed Acting Premier, Minister of the Interior, and Minister of Education.

Huang Fu text


A.R. Burt, J.B. Powell and Carl Crow, editors, Biographies of Prominent Chinese (Shanghai: Biographical Publishing Company Inc., c.1925). 26.