This article is excerpted from Biographies of Prominent Chinese, published in Shanghai in c.1925.
His Excellency Chang Hu was born at Hsiaohan Hsien, Chekiang Province, in 1876. He was a Chu Jen, or Provincial Graduate, in the Ching régime. Later he obtained the rank of Expectant Prefect.
Between 1902 and 1905, Mr. Chang took an active part in the management of the educational and financial affairs of the province of Fukien. During this period he was Principal of the Provincial High Normal School, and also Proctor of the Provincial Treasury.
In 1906, Mr. Chang went to Manchuria to join His Excellency Hsu Shih-chang, who was then Viceroy of Manchuria. At first, he was appointed Section Chief of the Bureau of Manchurian Salt Affairs, and later became Director-General of the Customs Administration for the province of Kirin. Concurrently he acted as Resident Director of the Bureau for the Reorganization of Financial Affairs, of that province.
In 1912, Mr. Chang assisted His Excellency Hsiung Hsi-ling in taking over control of the Ministry of Finance of the Nanking Provisional Government. In May 1912, he was appointed Salt Commissioner of the Chang-lu District. In July 1913, he was appointed Chief of the Salt Reorganization office in the Ministry of Finance, and in September was appointed Vice-Minister of Finance.
In May 1914, Mr. Chang, as Vice-Minister of Finance, was appointed, concurrently, to hold the positions of Director of the Salt Administration and Chief of the Salt Revenue Inspectorate. In such capacity, Mr. Chang, in co-operation with Sir Richard Dane, undertook the reorganization of sub-offices of the Salt Inspectorate, in the different provinces, which resulted in the increase of salt revenues. For his good work in this connection, Mr. Chang was awarded the Fourth Order of Merit. In December 1917, when China joined the European War, on the side of the Allies, Mr. Chang was appointed Chief of the Emigration Bureau.
In October 1918, when His Excellency Hsu Shih-chang became President, Mr. Chang was appointed Acting Vice-Minister of Finance, and, concurrently, Director of the Salt Administration and Chief Inspector of the Salt Inspectorate. These positions he held until August 1920, when he was transferred to serve as Director of the Currency Bureau. In December 1920, he was awarded the First Order of Tashou Paokuang Chiaho.
In December 1921, Mr. Chang took the portfolio of Minister of Finance, under His Excellency Liang Shih-yi, the then Premier. Subsequently, Mr. Chang was appointed Director-General of the Salt Administration, and of the Currency Administration. The Cabinet, under the control of His Excellency Liang Shih-yi, as Premier, was opposed by Marshal Wu Pei-fu; and on May 5th, 1922, following the defeat of Marshal Chang Tso-lin by Marshal Wu Pei-fu, Mr. Chang and two other members, were ordered to be brought to trial by Presidential mandate. February 5th, 1923, President Li Yuan-hung issued a mandate cancelling the charges against Mr. Chang. On August 14th, 1923, Mr. Chang was again appointed Minister of Finance, holding concurrently the positions of Director-General of the Salt Administration and of the Currency Administration.
A.R. Burt, J.B. Powell and Carl Crow, editors, Biographies of Prominent Chinese (Shanghai: Biographical Publishing Company Inc., c.1925). 54.