Reading into the Past

Reading into the Past is a selection of English-language materials relevant to the China Story originally published in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In reprinting these essays we intend to not only preserve them and make them more easily accessible, but also to augment the modern day China Story by providing perspectives from the past on critical issues that continue to be debated. More than mere curios, Reading into the Past illuminates and contextualises the present.

Feng Yu-hsiang (Feng Yuxiang) 馮玉祥

This article is excerpted from Biographies of Prominent Chinese, published in Shanghai in c.1925. Marshall Feng Yu-hsiang was born at Chao Hsien, Anhui Province, in 1880. In 1896, he joined the Piyang Military Academy. Before graduation, in 1898, he left that college and enrolled as a private in the Wu Wei Yu Chun. Subsequently, he was appointed … more

Wu Pei-fu (Wu Peifu) 吳佩孚

This article is excerpted from Biographies of Prominent Chinese, published in Shanghai in c.1925. Marshal Wu Pei-fu was born in the Pang-lai district of Shantung Province in 1873: and comes from very humble parentage. At the age of twenty-one, he received a degree equivalent to that of Bachelor of Arts, through competitive literary examination. Finding Chinese literature … more

Chang Tso-lin (Zhang Zuolin) 張作霖

This article is excerpted from Biographies of Prominent Chinese, published in Shanghai in c.1925.Marshal Chang Tso-lin was born in Fengtien Province, in 1876. He received no education in his youth, but his bravery and initiative distinguished him and singled him out to be a powerful leader. During the Russo-Japanese War, Marshal Chang fought on the side of … more

C.T. Wang (Wang Zhengting) 王正廷

This article is excerpted from Biographies of Prominent Chinese, published in Shanghai in c.1925. His Excellency Dr. C.T. Wang was born in Ningpo, Chekiang Province, in 1882. After having acquired the rudiments of an education, in his native province, he entered the Peiyang University, Tientsin, which was then considered the most up-to-date institution of higher learning in … more

Huang Fu 黃郛

This article is excerpted from Biographies of Prominent Chinese, published in Shanghai in c.1925.   His Excellency Huang Fu was born at Hanchow, Chekiang, in 1993. He received his military education at the Chekiang Military School; then, at the Chun Wu Academy, in Japan; and, finally, at the Military Survey Academy, at Tokyo, from whence he was … more

Kao Ling-wei (Gao Lingwei) 高凌霨

This article is excerpted from Biographies of Prominent Chinese, published in Shanghai in c.1925. His Excellency Kao Ling-wei was born at Tientsin, Chihli Province, in 1869. In 1896, he successfully passed the literary examinations, and was assigned to the province of Hupeh for official appointment. While there, he served as sub-Director of the High School of the … more

Chow Shu-mu (Zhou Shumo) 周樹模

This article is excerpted from Biographies of Prominent Chinese, published in Shanghai in c.1925. His Excellency Chow Shu-mu was born in Hupeh Province in 1867. During his youth he distinguished himself by his brilliant intellectual qualities, invariably heading the list of candidates at the various examinations which he took. In 1885, he successfully passed the tri-annual examinations … more

Chow Tsu-chi (Zhou Ziqi) 周自齊

This article is excerpted from Biographies of Prominent Chinese, published in Shanghai in c.1925. His Excellency Chow Tsu-chi (deceased 1923) was born at Lai Hsien, Shantung Province, in 1870. He studied in regular Confucian Schools, and received from the then Imperial Government, the degree of Master of Arts, through competitive examination. His first foreign education was acquired … more

Wang Chung-hui (Wang Chonghui) 王寵惠

This article is excerpted from Biographies of Prominent Chinese, published in Shanghai in c.1925. His Excellency Dr. Wang Chung-hui, a native of Kwangsheng, Kwangtung Province, was born in 1882. He received his preliminary education at Peiyang University, Tientsin, where he studied from 1895 to 1900. During the Boxer Revolution, he went to Japan to study political affairs. … more

Chin Yun-peng (Jin Yunpeng) 靳雲鵬

This article is excerpted from Biographies of Prominent Chinese, published in Shanghai in c.1925. His Excellency Chin Yun-peng was born in the Province of Shantung, in 1877, and has been in the military service practically all of his life. He trained himself toward becoming a military man, when he was a mere boy. After graduation from the … more