World Economic Forum meets in Dalian

Summer Davos in Dalian

People’s Daily: 李克强坦陈“稳中有难”彰显中国底气与信心 (Premier Li Keqiang admits that ‘there are difficulties even in stability,’ demonstrating China’s stamina and self-confidence.)

Li Keqiang addresses over 1,700 attendees from 90 countries at this year's 'Summer Davos' summit in Dalian. Source: 中国政府网

Li Keqiang addresses over 1,700 attendees from 90 countries at this year’s ‘Summer Davos’ summit in Dalian. Source: 中国政府网

  • Speaking at the World Economic Forum ‘Davos’ Summer Institute in Dalian, Premier Li Keqiang gave a surprisingly frank address about China’s current economic difficulties to date that nevertheless expressed firm optimism about the immediate future. The major slogan emerging from the speech, ‘there are difficulties even in stability,’ has been picked up by a number of major Chinese state media portals. See full text of the article below.

New York Times: Chinese Premier Seeks to Quell Global Markets’ China Fears.

China has fended off the major risks to its financial system while its economic prospects remain positive, Premier Li Keqiang said on Wednesday, as he tried to reassure global markets that Beijing can keep its economy on track and stock markets in check.

“The government took measures to stabilize the market and prevent risks from spreading, we have forced out the possibility of any systemic risks,” Li said during a speech at the World Economic Forum, the Switzerland-based corporate think-tank which runs the Davos summit of world leaders.

Policing China

Viral on WeChat: 被公安人员带走后必备法律常识 (Legal facts to know in case you are detained by public security.)
  • A list of must-know items in case of arrest or detention by public security officials. This post made the rounds on social media in the wake of mass lawyer arrests.

Elite politics

Xi Jinping addresses China and the world during the military parade to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the defeat of the Japanese. Photo: People’s Daily.

People’s Daily: 习总书记对净化政治生态提了哪些要求?(What requirements has Xi Jinping put forward for cleaning up the political ‘ecology’ of the country?)
  • Analysis of the various methods of political reform contemplated by Xi Jinping to ‘clean up’ the work of the Party and government structures. In particular, the article addresses the methods of rooting out corruption; recruiting and deploying new Party cadres; and ensuring Party cadre leaders are aware of and responsive to the needs of minorities, broadly defined.
People’s Daily: 人民网学习习近平总书记”九三纪念日”重要讲话系列评论 (People’s Daily serial commentary on Party Secretary Xi Jinping’s important statements on the ‘September 3 military parade’ display.)
  • The People’s Daily provides a summary of the major parts of the speeches delivered by Xi Jinping on September 3 during the military parade. The speech topics covered the following: (1) ‘As a community of human beings, we must stand guard over peace’; (2) Xi Jinping’s full-throated demonstration of the power of the people; (3) ‘When we work together, justice must be victorious!’; and (4) ‘Engrave history on your heart, and let peace shine down on all the earth.’
People’s Daily: 习近平:做焦裕禄式的县委书记 (Xi Jinping: Be a good Party secretary cadre.)
  • In a speech to county-level Party cadres, Xi Jinping urged them to be decent, upstanding officials and avoid the pitfalls of pride, corruption, and vanity.

Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei supercity plans move forward

People’s Daily: 京津冀交通一体化方案出炉 27条城铁将联通 (Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei ‘supercity’ infrastructure plan freshly announced: 27 mass transit routes to be connected.)
  • Over 3700 kilometers of rail and road are to be laid to create the infrastructure for the ‘Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei supercity’ currently being formulated. This infrastructure construction will prove essential to the efforts moving forward to set up the fundamentals of the supercity.

China in the world

Sina News Center: 被IS扣押中国人质疑为樊京辉 在京从事广告行业 (Chinese man held for ransom by IS suspected to be Fan Jinghui, a Beijing resident who once operated an advertising company.)
  • On September 9, the IS issued a statement claiming it had captured a Chinese man and a Norwegian man, and was holding them for ransom. While Norway has officially identified and claimed the Norwegian hostage, there has yet to be a formal statement from the Chinese government identifying the Chinese hostage or recognizing the fact of his capture. Using the information on the man posted online by IS, Chinese journalists attempted to identify the man by asking putative neighbors if they could confirm his identity. The effort is ongoing.
Shanghaiist: Swiss railway launches special trains for Chinese tourists following complaints of rude behavior.
  • The Swiss government has announced it will be constructing ‘extra’ trains for tourists, which will feature added features and service support to provide a clean environment for passengers. A Swiss newspaper reported that this was due the unusually large number of complaints about the boorish behaviors of Chinese tourists. Whether these new trains are truly targeted at tempestuous Chinese tourists is up for debate.

Pollution in China

People’s Daily: 人民日报话说新农村:拒绝污染 “上山下乡” (People’s Daily comments on the new rural: Refuse to let pollution ‘move house to the countryside.’)
  • This piece seeks to draw attention to the increasing amounts of pollution to be found in the rural areas, as manufacturing and production ‘move west’ out of the urban areas, driven by policy change and increased urban resistance to pollution.

One Belt, One Road

Supreme People’s Court: 最高人民法院关于人民法院为“一带一路”建设提供司法服务和保障的若干意见 (Supreme People’s Court: Opinions on the provision of legal services to support and protect the construction of the ‘One Belt One Road.’)
  • On June 16, the Supreme People’s Court (SPC) issued a set of opinions on the One Belt One Road (OBOR) policy and how the SPC might be able to coordinate or directly provide judicial support to the initiative. Measures proposed include better cultivating judicial workers and experts; deepening international legal exchange and cooperation; and otherwise assisting the countries bordering the proposed OBOR ‘road’ to develop their legal infrastructure, especially mediation mechanisms.

Local governance issues

New York Times: Report on Toll From Shandong Blast is Called ‘Coldblooded.’
  • Local government offices are being criticized for downplaying the death count and responding callously to relatives of deceased individuals killed in an explosion at a chemical factory in Shandong Province. The local government offices responsible have been censured by the central Xinhua News Agency and have deleted all references to the event on their websites. Members of the public have sternly criticized the way officials described and updated information on the explosion, as they focused on ‘stability maintenance’ language rather than ‘human speech.’
People’s Daily: 《纽约时报》刊登大幅图书广告欢迎习主席访美 (New York Times publishes full-page ad welcoming Chairman Xi to America for diplomatic visit.)
  • The People’s Daily published this piece on the recent decision of the New York Times to publish a full-page ad for two books on Xi Jinping’s speeches and policies published by the Chinese-language publisher Media Times. The books, The Era of Xi Jinping and How Big Xi Reads the Classics, respectively, provide a comprehensive explanation of Xi’s major speeches and policies, including the ‘Four Comprehensives’ and the ‘Chinese Dream.’ The publisher informed the People’s Daily that the ad appeared in the New York Times in order to ‘influence people with influence,’ and make the US better understand China. In the interview, the chairman of Media Times Zhu Daping further stated that too often, Americans consider China a geopolitical ‘bogeyman’ whose collapse is inevitable – an image that is entirely incorrect and needs to be corrected.

Anti-corruption campaign

People’s Daily: 中纪委:红色通缉令百名外逃腐败分子已有10人归案 (Central Commission for Discipline Inspection: 10 corrupt officials who had fled overseas have been brought to justice, of the 100 individuals on the corruption ‘red list.’)
  • At a summit meeting titled ‘The Chinese Communist Party and the World in Dialogue 2015,’ Deputy Secretary of the Discipline Committee of the CCP Central Committee and Department Head of the Ministry of Supervision, Huang Shuxian, announced that the CCP had been successful in rounding up a total of 10 of the corrupt officials accused of fleeing overseas of the 100 or so individuals on the corruption ‘red list’ known to have left the country. The Chinese police worked with international police forces to track down and repatriate these individuals.

ARCHIVED ARTICLES

People’s Daily: 中纪委:红色通缉令百名外逃腐败分子已有10人归案 (Central Commission for Discipline Inspection: 10 corrupt officials who had fled overseas have been brought to justice, of the 100 individuals on the corruption ‘red list.’)
  • 中新社北京9月8日电 100名列入红色通缉令的外逃腐败分子中,已有10人被抓捕归案。这是中共中央纪委副书记、监察部部长黄树贤8日透露的信息。当天,“2015中国共产党与世界对话会”在北京举行。黄树贤出席对话会开幕式时,透露上述信息。按“天网”行动统一部署,国际刑警组织中国国家中心局此前集中公布了针对100名涉嫌犯罪的中国外逃国家工作人员、重要腐败案件涉案人等人员的红色通缉令。黄树贤说,外逃腐败分子在中纪委监察部网站集中公开曝光,截至目前,已经有10人被抓捕归案,包括李华波、戴学民、孙新等外逃分子。谈及加大国际追逃追赃力度,黄树贤介绍说,已将其纳入反腐败工作总体部署,设立中央反腐败协调国际追逃追赃工作办公室,建立外逃信息统计报告制度,启动反腐败执法合作网络,建立完善与美、加、澳等国的反腐败执法合作机制。在反腐倡廉制度建设方面,黄树贤提到,目前修订后的巡视工作条例已颁布,廉政准则、纪律处分条例以及行政监察法等修订工作正有序推进。“中国共产党长期执政,制度的优越性已经充分展现,但也面临风险和挑战,其中就包括如何在一党执政条件下实现自我监督”,黄树贤说,当前反腐形势依然严峻、复杂,腐败减少但并没有绝迹,反腐败体制机制已逐步建立但还不够完善,防御和抵制腐败的思想防线还没有做牢,实现不能腐、不敢腐、不想腐还有很多工作要做。黄树贤当天列举数据指出,截至今年7月,全国共查处违反中央八项规定精神的问题9.4万起,处理党员干部12.5万人,给予党纪政纪处分4.5万人。
People’s Daily: 李克强坦陈“稳中有难”彰显中国底气与信心 (Premier Li Keqiang admits that ‘there are difficulties even in stability,’ demonstrating China’s stamina and self-confidence.)
  • 中国经济形势怎么看,经济工作怎么干?李克强总理9月10日在大连夏季达沃斯论坛上发表特别致辞,给出了明确的答案。怎样看待当前的经济形势?李克强在致辞中指出,“我想告诉大家,现在中国经济的走势是缓中趋稳、稳中向好,但稳中有难,总体是机遇大于挑战”。一段时间以来,国外一些人士对中国经济增长速度放缓以及市场波动有这样那样的解读和判断。坦陈“稳中有难”,并指出“机遇大于挑战”,李克强总理开诚布公的态度赢得了中外嘉宾的高度赞赏,彰显出中国政府对经济社会发展的底气和信心。难在什么地方?李克强总理表示,“作为一个与国际市场密切关联的经济体,全球经济情况总体偏弱,中国不可能独善其身,同时国内长期积累的深层次矛盾在逐步显现,中国经济正处于新旧动能转换阶段,实现制造业从粗放增长到集约增长的升级发展,和从过度依赖投资拉动到消费与投资协调拉动的转换,是一个充满阵痛、十分艰难的过程”,他同时指出,“这期间经济增长难免有波动起伏,这是调整转型时的一种正常现象”,“总的来说,中国经济的基本面没有改变,正可谓‘形有波动,势仍向好’”。

    面对经济发展面临的困难该怎么办?李克强总理强调,“对经济短期波动,我们也不会掉以轻心。当前,我们也正在采取必要的定向调控、相机调控、精准调控措施,主要是缩小短期波幅,防止产生传导、放大效应。一旦出现滑出合理区间的迹象,我们将有足够的能力来应对,中国经济不会出现‘硬着陆’”。

    在经济新常态的背景下,中国政府更加重视以战略思维谋篇布局。李克强总理指出,“近几年,尽管经济下行压力较大,但我们没有超发货币,没有搞大规模强刺激,主要依靠改革增强经济活力,既稳定了经济,也为下一步调控留下了空间。中国中央政府财政赤字率在世界主要经济体中是较低的。中国创新宏观调控政策工具箱里的工具还有不少,就像下围棋一样,既落好眼前每个子、有针对性地出招,顶住当前经济下行压力,又要留有后手、谋势蓄势,以促进经济长期持续健康发展”。

    发展是硬道理,是解决中国一切问题的基础和关键,但发展必须是科学发展,是有质量、有效益、可持续的发展。

    中国经济发展的信心来自哪里?李克强总理表示,“我们说中国经济未来会更好,并不是盲目乐观,而是有基础、有条件和有动力的”。一方面中国经济有巨大潜力和内在韧性。中国新型工业化、信息化、城镇化、农业现代化进程处在深入推进阶段,蕴含着扩大内需的强劲需求。中国地域幅员辽阔且产业类型多样,东方不亮西方亮、这业不兴那业兴。另一方面,中国推进结构性改革正在源源不断释放改革红利。“我们正在全面深化改革,加快推进结构性改革,实施创新驱动发展战略,努力把经济潜在增长率充分挖掘出来,保持经济中高速增长、迈向中高端水平”,李克强说。

    中国经济与世界经济同频共振的特征日益明显。今年上半年,中国对世界经济增长贡献率是30%左右。中国是世界第一货物贸易大国,大量海外资金投向中国的同时,中国的对外直接投资也在稳步增长。中国经济增速放缓以及结构性改革引发国际关注完全在情理之中。据世界经济论坛负责人施瓦布介绍,此次大连夏季达沃斯论坛参会者有一半以上,也就是有1000多人来自于海外。

    如何共度时艰?李克强总理强调,中国不主张量化宽松,不打货币战,而是要大力发展实体经济,谋求更多国际合作。他说,“国际金融危机发生以来的实践证明,单靠量化宽松政策难以解决制约增长的结构性障碍,而且可能带来负外部效应,着眼点还是要放在做强实体经济上。这需要各国对内推进结构性改革,对外加强国际合作”。李克强表示,我们提出建设“一带一路”,开展国际产能合作,就是要进一步扩大中国的开放,就是要重塑有利于发挥各国比较优势、更加均衡和普惠的全球产业链,打造互利共赢、包容共进的世界发展和利益共同体。

    风物长宜放眼量。此次参加大连达沃斯论坛的两位外国嘉宾在接受人民网采访时,针对如何看待中国经济这一话题,不约而同用了“长期视角”这个关键词。不为“形动”而心悸,要为“势好”而远谋,这恐怕是参加大连达沃斯论坛的中外嘉宾得出的大致相同的结论。

See all posts.