South China Sea
Xinhua: Vice FM stresses China is a staunch proponent of peace and stability in the South China Sea
Xinhua: China vows to build South China Sea into one of peace, friendship, cooperation
Xinhua: U.S. escalates situation in S. China Sea: Chinese ambassador
Xinhua: Interview: China viewed as defender of peace amid groundless accusations over South China Sea
Ministry of Defense: Jointly Safeguard Peace and Build A Secure Asia-Pacific Region – Speech at the 14th Shangri-La Dialogue
People’s Daily: 美国不要给南海稳定添乱（钟声）
Internet censorship and ideology
Quartz: China’s internet police are coming out of the shadows to purify the web
Ministry of Public Security: 公安部：建立网警常态化公开巡查执法机制
China Digital Times: Global Times Accidentally Plugs Open Letter on June 4
From Facebook: Posting on Joshua Wong
After Joshua Wong was expelled from Malaysia, a mainland Chinese netizen left a message on his facebook page: “I ‘climbed the wall’ (got around the Chinese firewall) just so I can give you a piece of my mind. Fuck your democracy. Explain to me: what is democracy?”
Joshua : “Democracy is what enables someone to get on FB without having to get around a firewall.”
Later Joshua shared this exchange and commented: “It’s so sad for those who live in totalitarian countries. Even when they want to insult me, they have to find ways to get around the firewall to do so.”
In a few hours, this comment garnered already nearly 10,000 likes and more than 600 shares.
Repression of civil society
People’s Daily: 人民网评：“超级低俗屠夫”被刑拘为谁敲响警钟
New York Times: Chinese Security Laws Elevate the Party and Stifle Dissent. Mao Would Approve.
The Age: Villa Del Mare: Lola Wang Li and the secretive web of Chinese wealth
The Guardian: Golf loses its gloss for China’s privileged elite
Xi at the Helm
The Guardian: Xi Jinping’s China is the greatest political experiment on Earth
Soft power and propaganda
Shanghai Daily: China’s Communist Party reaches out to the West
The Guardian: Last cigarette: Beijing brings in smoking bans from Monday
Washington Post: For American pundits, China isn’t a country. It’s a fantasyland.
The Guardian: Swifts migrate from Beijing to southern Africa without landing
Xinhua: Vice FM stresses China is a staunch proponent of peace and stability in the South China Sea
English.news.cn | 2015-05-30 17:55:35 | Editor: Song Miou
BEIJING, May 30 (Xinhua) — China is a staunch proponent of peace and stability in the South China Sea, Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Liu Zhenmin said in a signed article on Saturday.
In the article, titled “China-A Staunch Proponent of Peace and Stability in the South China Sea”, Liu said in recent weeks, some outsiders, in disregard of historical evidence, principles of international law and facts and in an attempt to ratchet up tensions in the South China Sea, have been engaging in large-scale hyping-up of the South China Sea issue, and singing in chorus with certain claimants. China is seriously concerned about this.
Liu said China has indisputable sovereignty over the Nansha Islands and their adjacent waters. Consistently upheld by successive Chinese governments, China’s sovereignty and rights and interests in the South China Sea were established over a long course of history and have ample historical and legal basis. There is no need to have them strengthened through construction activities on relevant islands and reefs.
Beginning in the 1970s, some other countries claimed sovereignty over islands and reefs of China’s Nansha Islands and illegally occupied dozens of them, hence the territorial disputes. Furthermore, with the establishment of the modern law of the sea regime came the issue of overlapping maritime jurisdictions. The Chinese government firmly opposes illegal occupations of China’s territory. Yet in the larger interest of peace and stability in the South China Sea, we have exercised enormous restraint and remained committed to settling territorial disputes and overlapping maritime claims through direct negotiation and consultation with the countries concerned, Liu said.
Liu said a certain country made close-in maneuvers around China’s Nansha islands and reefs, and claimed to conduct “joint patrols” with other countries. This can by no means be explained away as an exercise of freedom of navigation or overflight, but is rather a crude act of muscle flexing that threatens to heighten militarization of the South China Sea. This would be utterly irresponsible and dangerous. Over the years, there has never been any issue with freedom of navigation in the South China Sea, nor would such an issue come up in the future. The South China Sea provides major shipping lanes for China’s trade and imports of energy. To ensure the freedom and safety of navigation in the South China Sea is of vital importance to China. The Chinese government has been a strong advocate for safeguarding freedom of navigation by all countries in the South China Sea in accordance with international law. And China is actively engaged in regional cooperation on maritime security. Having said that, the right to freedom of navigation and overflight should not be abused or infringe on the sovereignty, rights and security of the littoral states, which are protected by international law.
Liu said China’s construction activities on the Nansha islands and reefs are entirely within her sovereignty. It is lawful, justified, and reasonable. It does not affect or target any particular country. Such construction activities are aimed to strengthen the functions of some islands and reefs in providing multiple and integrated services. Besides meeting necessary defense needs, it is more geared to serve civilian purposes. Rather than affecting freedom of navigation, it will only contribute to joint responses to maritime challenges and to safety of navigation in the South China Sea. The recently started construction of two multi-functional lighthouses on Huayang Reef and Chigua Reef, for example, is for the purpose of providing effective aids for navigation for vessels from all countries passing through those waters and better ensuring navigation safety and freedom.
Meanwhile, certain countries have been questioning the pace and scale of China’s construction activities. What needs to be pointed out is that China is a big country that shoulders more international responsibilities and obligations. China is conducting construction activities at a pace and with a scale as befitted her international responsibilities and obligations in the field of search and rescue, disaster prevention and mitigation, meteorological observation, ecological conservation, navigation safety and fishery services. China should not simply be blamed for the pace and scale of her construction activities, because this might indicate that the construction activities by other countries on their illegally-occupied islands and reefs of China’s Nansha Islands are beyond reproach, Liu said.
Liu said China and ASEAN countries have been making joint efforts to deepen friendly and cooperative relations in all areas and build a community of common destiny. We identified a “dual track” approach on the South China Sea issue, i.e. relevant disputes should be resolved through negotiation and consultation between parties directly concerned, and China and ASEAN member states should work together to maintain peace and stability in the South China Sea. Thanks to common efforts by China and ASEAN countries, positive progress has been made in the consultation on a Code of Conduct in the South China Sea (COC). They reached agreement on “early harvest” measures, and resolve to take forward COC consultations through enhancing mutual trust and cooperation. However, relevant outsiders tried to set a timetable for the COC consultation. Yet, given the complexity of the South China Sea issue, the formulation of the COC will be a step-by-step process. Moreover, the COC is meant to be a set of rules for China and countries in this region rather than rules set by outsiders for us. The efforts made by China and ASEAN countries in this regard deserve more respect.
Liu said China’s policy for the South China Sea is clear and consistent. We remain committed to maintaining peace and stability in the South China Sea and resolving disputes through negotiation and consultation. We support strengthening mechanisms and rules governing the South China Sea issue, including the full and effective implementation of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea (DOC) and the formulation of the COC, as effective means to manage disputes. And we consistently stand for joint development and maritime cooperation as win-win arrangements pending the final resolution of the issue.
` Liu said China firmly upholds her sovereignty and maritime rights and interests, and is opposed to any words or actions that encroach on China’s sovereignty and legitimate rights and interests or affect regional peace and stability. Countries not directly concerned on the South China Sea disputes should speak and act with caution on this issue, faithfully observe their commitment of not taking positions on sovereignty disputes, and respect the efforts by countries in the region to maintain peace and stability in the South China Sea. Going in another direction would be less than responsible.
SINGAPORE, May 31 (Xinhua) — A senior Chinese military official on Sunday urged relevant countries to work together to build the South China Sea into a sea of peace, friendship and cooperation, stressing that there has never been an issue with the freedom of navigation in the vast sea.
In a speech delivered at the Shangri-La Dialogue, Admiral Sun Jianguo, deputy chief of the General Staff of the People’s Liberation Army, said the situation in the South China Sea was on the whole peaceful and stable.
“China has carried out construction on some islands and reefs in the South China Sea mainly for the purpose of improving the functions of the relevant islands and reefs and the working and living conditions of personnel stationed there,” he said.
Sun explained that the projects were also aimed at better performing China’s international responsibilities and obligations over maritime search and rescue, disaster prevention and relief, maritime scientific research, meteorological observation, environmental protection, safety of navigation, and fishery production services.
According to the admiral, China has built an oceanic survey station for the United Nations on the Yongshu Jiao and started the construction of two multi-functional lighthouses on the Huayang Jiao and Chigua Jiao for the purpose of providing international public services.
“I want to reaffirm that these construction projects fall well within the scope of China’s sovereignty and are legitimate, justified and reasonable. They do not target any other countries or affect the freedom of navigation,” he said.
“There are no changes in China’s claims in the South China Sea, no changes in China’s position on peaceful resolution of the relevant disputes through negotiation and consultation,” he said.
China is also willing to safeguard the freedom and safety of navigation in the South China Sea, and uphold peace and stability in the sea, he stressed.
Meanwhile, the Chinese general put forward a five-point proposal for defense departments and militaries of various countries to strengthen cooperation and jointly safeguard regional and world security and stability.
He recommended pursuing enduring peace, upholding mutual trust and inclusiveness, adhering to the effective approach of dialogue and consultation, meeting the inherent demand for sharing responsibilities and upholding the core concept of win-win cooperation.
Organized by the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), the Shangri-La Dialogue brought together defense chiefs from 26 nations here as well as security experts to exchange views on key issues that shape the defense and security landscape of the region.
Jointly Safeguard Peace and Build A Secure Asia-Pacific Region
( Source: MOD ) 2015-May-31 21:03
by ADMIRAL Sun Jianguo
Deputy Chief of General Staff, People’s Liberation Army
Admiral Sun Jianguo, deputy chief of general staff of China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) addresses the fourth plenary session of the Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore, May 31, 2015. Sun Jianguo elaborated on China’s foreign and defense policies. (Xinhua/Bao Xuelin)
Dr. Chipman, Ladies and gentlemen,
First of all, I wish to pay high tribute to Mr. Lee Kuan Yew who made extraordinary contributions to peace and development in Asia. I would like to thank our hosts for inviting my colleagues and me to this dialogue. Let me take this opportunity to illustrate China’s policies, concepts, practices and proposals on safeguarding peace and security.
I. China adheres to the path of peaceful development and is committed to promoting regional and international prosperity and stability. We have but one planet and countries share one world. Committed to peaceful development, China upholds a national defense policy that is defensive in nature. A more developed and stronger China will bring important opportunities, common prosperity and positive energy to countries around the world.
China advocates the building of a community of shared destiny, providing its strategy for peace and development of mankind. Our world today is witnessing in-depth development in multipolarization and economic globalization, and constant progress is been made in IT application and cultural diversity. It has become a salient feature of human progress that countries are increasingly interdependent and they fall and rise together. As early as in 2012, based on his profound insight into the future of human destiny, Chinese President Xi Jinping put forward the idea of building a community of shared destiny for all mankind. At the Boao Forum for Asian Annual Conference last March, President Xi further advocated that countries need to respect each other and treat each other as equals, seek win-win cooperation and common development, pursue common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, and uphold inclusiveness and mutual learning between civilizations. This grand vision transcends national and ideological boundaries. It is a new vision that will promote the world to enduring peace and common prosperity, and represents China’s wisdom to work with the rest of the world to build a better home for mankind.
China is committed to promoting win-win cooperation and a new model of international relations that meets the security and development needs of all countries. Confrontation must be replaced with cooperation and zero-sum game with mutual benefits if the purposes and principles of the UN Charter are to be carried forward. And this is also the way to achieve peaceful development. To keep up with the times, we cannot live in the 21st century with outdated thinking from the age of colonial expansion or the zero-sum mentality of the Cold War. Cooperation for win-win outcomes should be adopted as the fundamental goal in interactions between countries. And it is necessary to seek common ground while shelving differences, increase common interests and defuse disputes, and pursue peace, development and security through cooperation. While seeking security and development for themselves, countries need to accommodate the security of others and work for common development of all.
China advocates common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security and the building of a path towards security that is shared by and win-win to all. In today’s world, security means much more than before and its implications go well beyond a single region or time frame and all kinds of factors are becoming increasingly complex and intertwined. No country can enjoy the security of its own while leaving the rest insecure. Nor can one seek absolute security of itself at the expense of the security of others. Countries should resolve disputes and differences through peaceful dialogue and negotiation and accommodate the security concerns of others while safeguarding their own. It is important to take into consideration both history and reality concerning security issues and tackle traditional and non-traditional security issues in a coordinated way. It is important to emphasize both development and security, encourage partnership instead of alliance, and establish more inclusive and constructive partnership without setting imaginary enemies or targeting any third party, so as to promote sustainable security through sustainable development.
China firmly believes in the approach of upholding justice while pursuing shared interests and values faith, friendship, justice and principles in international affairs. Committed to upholding justice while pursuing common interests, China has provided assistance to other countries to the best of its ability and shall always be a reliable friend and sincere partner of other developing countries. China strives to play a constructive role in international affairs with an objective and impartial position, and will never depend on or subjugate itself to any external forces. Believing in openness and inclusiveness, China respects the social systems and development paths chosen by the people for their own countries and stands for tolerance and mutual learning among civilizations, with a view to jointly contributing to human progress.
II. China actively fulfills its international responsibilities and obligations and plays a constructive role in safeguarding regional and international security and stability. As a permanent member of the UN Security Council and a responsible major country, China has actively engaged in international security cooperation and played a unique role in the effort to create a peaceful, stable, prosperous neighborhood and provided public services to address global problems and challenges.
First, fulfill international obligations as a major country and actively participate in the missions under the UN Framework. Since 1990, the Chinese military has sent over 30,000 officers and soldiers to participate in 24 UN peace-keeping missions. This year, for the first time, China sent an infantry battalion of 700 personnel to South Sudan. China is the largest force contributor among the permanent members of UNSC. Authorized by the UNSC resolutions, China has sent 20 task groups of 59 naval vessels to the Gulf of Aden and the waters off Somalia since 2008, providing protection to nearly 6,000 ships of which half are from foreign countries. Answering to the call of the UNSC and OPCW, Chinese naval ships accomplished the task to escort the ships delivering Syria’s chemical weapons for destruction in 2014.
Second, promote humanitarian spirit and actively participate in disaster relief and emergency response efforts. China shares the pain and difficulties of the affected countries and stands ready to provide personnel, financial and material assistance to the best of its ability. In responding to the typhoon disaster in the Philippines, in searching for the missing passenger plane of Malaysian Airlines, in fighting the Ebola epidemic, and in delivering emergency water supplies to Maldives, the Chinese military has provided swift humanitarian assistance. Not long ago, during its operation to evacuate Chinese citizens from Yemen, the Chinese Navy helped evacuate 279 people from 15 countries, including Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Germany, Japan, and Singapore. When a magnitude 8.1 earthquake hit Nepal, the Chinese military not only provided emergency disaster relief supplies, but also sent rescue and medical teams. The PLA naval hospital ship, the Peace Ark, carried out overseas medical services and participated in medical relief operations in 18 countries, providing treatment and medicines to the people in need.
Third, address common security challenges and deepen practical security cooperation. China has actively enhanced its bilateral and multilateral defense and security cooperation in a bid to work with the rest of the world to deal with security threats and challenges. Up to now, the Chinese military has conducted over 100 joint military exercises and training activities with more than 50 countries. In April this year, the Chinese and U.S. naval ships held the CUES exercise in the South China Sea. In the middle of this month, the Chinese and Russian navies carried out a joint exercise in the Mediterranean Sea aimed at protecting open sea shipping. A few days ago, China sent personnel to take part in the 4th ARF disaster relief exercise in Malaysia. Over the years, China helped train tens of thousands of military personnel of various kinds for more than 130 countries. China has also taken an active part in international humanitarian mine clearance assistance by training technical personnel from Afghanistan, Iraq and Sudan, donating mine clearance equipment and providing assistance to relevant countries.
Fourth, enhance mutual understanding and trust and strengthen defense and security dialogue and exchanges. China is actively advancing the steady development of the new model of military-to-military relationship with the United States, enriching the security connotation of China-Russia comprehensive strategic and cooperative partnership, building up a closer China-ASEAN Community of Shared Destiny, taking the initiative to launch China-ASEAN Defense Minister’s informal meetings, establishing defense and security consultation mechanisms with 27 countries and actively participating in multilateral defense exchanges within the frameworks such as Shanghai Cooperation Organization, ASEAN Regional Forum and ASEAN Defense Ministers’ Meeting Plus.
Fifth, safeguard regional peace and stability and properly handle disputes over territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests. China commits to forge friendship and partnership with its neighbors and foster amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness in its neighborhood. So far, China has completed the delimitation of land borders with 12 of its 14 neighbors, and established the maritime boundary with Vietnam in the Beibu Gulf. China has signed treaties of good neighborliness, friendship and cooperation with eight of its neighbors and has started the negotiation on a similar treaty with ASEAN. When dealing with maritime disputes with relevant neighboring countries, China has always kept in mind the large picture of maritime security. In spite of the sufficient historical and legal evidence and its indisputable claims of rights and interests, China has exercised enormous restraint, making positive contributions to peace and stability of the region and the world at large.
At present, the situation in the South China Sea is on the whole peaceful and stable, and there has never been an issue with the freedom of navigation in the South China Sea. China has carried out construction on some islands and reefs in the South China Sea mainly for the purpose of improving the functions of the relevant islands and reefs and the working and living conditions of personnel stationed there. Apart from meeting the necessary defense needs, it is more geared to better perform China’s international responsibilities and obligations regarding maritime search and rescue, disaster prevention and relief, maritime scientific research, meteorological observation, environmental protection, safety of navigation, and fishery production services. China has built an oceanic survey station for the United Nations on the Yongshu Jiao and started the construction of two multifunctional lighthouses on the Huayang Jiao and Chigua Jiao, and these construction projects are for the purpose of providing international public services. As a major country, the scale and pace of its construction is in line with the international responsibilities and obligations China assumes in the South China Sea. I want to reaffirm that these construction projects fall well within the scope of China’s sovereignty and are legitimate, justified and reasonable. They do not target any other countries or affect the freedom of navigation. There are no changes in China’s claims in the South China Sea, no changes in China’s position on peaceful resolution of the relevant disputes through negotiation and consultation, no changes in China’s will to safeguard the freedom and safety of navigation in the South China Sea, and no changes in China’s goal to uphold peace and stability in the South China Sea. We hope relevant countries will work together in the same direction to build the South China Sea into a sea of peace, friendship and cooperation.
I wish to explain to you that it only took China several decades to accomplish the progress developed countries made in several hundred years, which China undoubtedly can be proud of. China has become the world’s second largest economy since 2010 in aggregate terms. However, with a total population of over 1.3 billion, China’s per capita GDP ranks around the 90th place in the world, and China is still the largest developing country in the world. China’s water, oil and gas resources in per capita terms are only about 25%, 20% and 5% respectively of the world average, and its per capita farmland is less than half of the world average. Each year, another 10 million workers need to find jobs in cities, and there are over 8.5 million people with disabilities in China. According to World Bank standards, there are still over 200 million people living under the poverty line in China. What’s more, China is under huge pressure when it comes to treatment of environmental pollution and ecological protection. These difficulties that China faces in its development are beyond the imagination of other countries. In spite of such circumstances, China has actively fulfilled various international obligations and done its utmost to help countries and peoples in need, and this demonstrates the earnest effort of the Chinese government and people to translate the vision for a community of shared destiny into reality.
III. Vigorously enhance defense and security cooperation and make greater contribution to common security of the region and the world. Peaceful development needs the joint efforts of all countries. Defense departments and militaries of various countries should strengthen defense and security cooperation and jointly safeguard regional and world security and stability. Here, I would like to share with you the following ideas and proposals in this profession.
- Pursue enduring peace. History and reality have told us that wars, like devil and nightmare, bring disaster and deep sufferings to mankind and must be resolutely prevented. Peace, like air and sunshine, is hardly noticed when people are benefiting from it, but no one can survive without it and utmost care must be given to look after it. The Chinese military will unswervingly defend the core national interests, unswervingly promote defense and security cooperation, unswervingly shoulder international responsibilities and fulfill international obligations. We are ready to work with defense departments and militaries of all countries, stay committed to taking history as a mirror, and make joint efforts to safeguard the post-war international order with the United Nations as the core and based on the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, jointly safeguard world peace, so that people of all countries can share peace and happiness.
- Uphold mutual trust and inclusiveness. Only when countries treat each other with mutual trust, honoring of commitment, mutual understanding and inclusiveness, can they find more common ground, resolve differences, and work together for the common interests. We should take mutual respect as the prerequisite. All countries, big or small, rich or poor, strong or weak, are equal members of the international community and enjoy equal rights to participate in international affairs. The affairs of a country should be run by that country independently. We should uphold fairness and objectiveness, and make assessment of things taking place on the international stage on the basis of their merits or demerits, rather than following double standards and making irresponsible remarks based on one’s own subjective preferences or sowing discord. We should value inclusiveness as a principle. Since countries have different histories, cultures and traditions, the defense departments in various countries should have more understanding and trust, and less suspicion or misgivings, so as to really turn mutual trust into a bridge and bond for realizing common security and building a community of shared destiny for mankind.
- Adhere to the effective approach of dialogue and consultation. It is not so terrible to have differences. What is important is to find the measures and ways to resolve them. We should seek resolutions to disputes and differences step by step through strengthening mutual understanding and consensus building via peaceful negotiations while preventing conflicts and confrontation. We should focus on common interests and strive to expand common interests through strengthening cooperation. We should continue to construct and use well the existing regional security cooperation mechanisms, such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia, the ASEAN Regional Forum, and ASEAN Defense Ministers’ Meeting Plus, so as to provide guarantee for enduring peace in the region. At present, China and ASEAN countries are exploring the establishment of crisis management measures such as bilateral defense telephone links. China and Japan have restarted consultation over maritime and air liaison mechanism. Currently, China is working with the U.S, to further improve the Rules of Behavior for Safety of Air and Maritime Encounters.
- Meet the inherent demand for sharing responsibilities. All countries, big or small, have the equal rights to participate in regional security affairs and share the responsibilities to maintain world peace and regional stability. Big countries should take on responsibilities for a big country and should not bully small countries. Small countries need to meet responsibilities for a small country, provoke no incident and refrain from hijacking regional security for selfish gains. Developed countries possess and control a larger part of global resources and should shoulder more responsibilities in the joint endeavor to meet global challenges and major security threats. Developing countries should strive to overcome difficulties and take progressive steps to gradually improve their security environment and play a role corresponding to their strength in promoting international security.
- Uphold the core concept of win-win cooperation. In the new historical era, force cannot build peace and power cannot guarantee security. Only through win-win cooperation can we do big and good things which can last in the long run. China proposes the “Belt and Road” initiative, and is in the process of establishing the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, and all of these will bring tangible benefits to countries in the region. In October this year, China will host the China-ASEAN Defense Ministers’ Special Meeting and the 6th Xiangshan Forum in Beijing. We are ready to discuss with other countries the way ahead for defense and security cooperation. We hope that all countries in the world will, in the spirit of win-win and all-win cooperation, strengthen communication and consultation, and make concerted efforts to safeguard peace and stability.
Xinhua: U.S. escalates situation in S. China Sea: Chinese ambassador
WASHINGTON, May 29 (Xinhua) — Chinese Ambassador to the United States Cui Tiankai warned Friday that the U.S. overreaction to China’s moves in the South China Sea is escalating the situation and will make the region “less stable.”
In an interview with Adam Horvath, world editor of the Wall Street Journal, which was published online, Cui said it was “very surprising to us that the U.S. has overreacted to the situation and is escalating the situation.”
He cited recent flight of U.S. military reconnaissance planes in the South China Sea with reporters onboard, which he called “clearly an attempt to provoke and escalate the situation.”
“And the U.S. is also making a lot of statements, making false accusations against China and taking sides in the territorial disputes in the region. That will really make the situation in the region less stable. So we are worried about such overreaction from the United States,” he said.
He noted that China’s land reclamation in the South China Sea is only on the islands and reefs under its sovereignty, and the facilities being built are mainly for civilian purposes.
Cui dismissed the U.S. excuse of protecting freedom of navigation for its actions on the South China Sea issue. “I think the fact is we are more concerned than anybody else about the safety and freedom of navigation in the region, because China is one of the major trading countries in the world. We have such a huge volume of imports and exports going through the South China Sea,” he said.
“If somebody really wants to see escalation of the tension in the region, then that could be made as excuses for advancing their military deployment, for setting up cold-war type alliances there, and setting up new missile defense systems,” he said.
The Chinese envoy said the U.S. actions, including sending an increasing number of military ships and airplanes for close-in reconnaissance activities so close to China, have raised a lot of questions in China.
In responding to the question about the U.S. defense relationships with Australia, the Philippines and other countries in Asia, Cui said that they should not be aimed at China as a rival or even an enemy.
A file photo shows the South China Sea on Dec. 17, 2014. (Xinhua/Gao Yi)
It “will be most counterproductive and even stupid to have such a policy, such an anti-China policy and try to form military alliances that aim against China,” he said.
The envoy also defended China’s moves to install military facilities in the South China Sea, citing the need to protect the imports and exports of China that will go through these sea lanes.
“So stability in the region is of paramount importance to us. But of course we have to defend the facilities on these islands and reefs. So what we are doing is to provide or build up the necessary facilities for self-defense, not for attacking others,” he said.
Cui also stressed that China’s growing military strength and maybe presence is driven not by some grand strategy, but by the growing economic and other needs, since China’s economy is becoming more and more integrated into the global economy.
Cui said China is ready to shoulder greater international responsibility as there is a growing expectation for China as it develops. “We are fully aware of this growing need for China to take up more responsibilities internationally. We are ready to do that,” he said.
“I don’t think people should see this as a kind of threat. We are responding to the economic needs. We are responding to growing international expectations. And we are ready to fulfill our international obligations,” he said, adding this will open up a good opportunity for China, the United States and others to cooperate as there are so many global issues that cannot be resolved by one country alone.
Xinhua： Interview: China viewed as defender of peace amid groundless accusations over South China Sea
English.news.cn | 2015-05-30 16:00:26 | Editor: Song Miou
SINGAPORE, May 30 (Xinhua) — China has always been a defender of world peace, while the South China Sea issue is, to certain extent, “sensationalized on purpose” by some countries in and outside the region, experts and officials said.
Huang Jing, director of the Center on Asia and Globalization at the National University of Singapore, said there have been many crises since the Cold War, such as Libya, Egypt, Kosovo as well as Ukraine. A lot of issues have also been seen across Asia, including the nuclear issue on Korean Peninsula and the disputes in East China Sea and South China Sea.
“However, one important fact is, all the crises with Western involvement ended up in war without any exception,” he told Xinhua on Friday on the sidelines of the Shangri-La Dialogue. “China is the defender of world peace, not a trouble-maker.”
Stressing that the South China Sea dispute is the issue among claimant states, Huang believed the most effective way to solve it is through negotiations between concerned parties, and any attempt to introduce outside forces will only complicate it.
U.S. Defense Secretary Ashton Carter said in his keynote speech to the ongoing Shangri-la Dialogue on Saturday that his country will continue to fly, sail and operate in the region wherever international law allows, and called for an “immediate and lasting halt to land reclamation by all claimants.”
Rear Admiral Guan Youfei, director of the Foreign Affairs Office of China’s National Defense Ministry, dismissed Carter’s views on the South China Sea as “incomplete and lack of jurisprudential evidence”.
“Freedom of navigation should be for the benefits of economic development, rather than sending military aircraft and vessels everywhere,” Guan pointed out.
He said that China has been exercising restraints over the South China Sea issue, hoping Washington should treat the issue with a more objective way.
The topic of South China Sea has been under spotlight at the Shangri-La Dialogue in recent years. However, Huang said the South China Sea dispute has not been hyped up until the United States announced its “pivot to Asia” strategy in 2010.
“The South China Sea issue has been there for decades. Why it was not a big issue previously, but has been one now?” he asked.
Huang said the U.S. intervention has led to two levels of imbalances, with one between China and the United States as the first one. The other is the imbalance between China and its neighboring countries such as Vietnam and the Philippines.
Given these imbalances, it is clear that China has been trying to avoid conflicts, showing China’s willingness to safeguard peace in the region.
“In some sense, the South China Sea issue was sensationalized on purpose,” Huang said.
Huang said before 2010, media coverage on the South China Sea issue was no more than 30 pieces. However, after the U.S. high- profile “pivot to Asia,” reports about the issue went up to over 3, 000.
“It’s because China has become stronger,” Huang explained. “A long period after the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, China’s foreign policy was to safeguard its own land. However, it now has the ability to defend its own rights in the South China Sea.”
Despite the differences, U.S. defense chief Carter also noted cooperation between the two major countries in recent years.
He said beyond exercises and military-to-military cooperation, China and the United States have also cooperated in confronting world challenges, including natural disasters and other humanitarian crises.
This reflects Chinese President Xi Jinping’s security concept for Asia, which he called for a common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security strategy in the region.
“If China could perform as a leading role in mutual development, it will foster basic common interests within the region, and it is therefore possible to achieve common security,” Huang said. “And this also echoes what Xi has said, China today is the determined advocate and strong defender of world peace.”
People’s Daily: 美国不要给南海稳定添乱（钟声）
2015年06月01日03:48 来源：人民网－人民日报 手机看新闻
《 人民日报 》（ 2015年06月01日 03 版）
Ministry of Public Security: 公安部：建立网警常态化公开巡查执法机制
作者 : 来源 : 时间：2015-05-31
People’s Daily: 人民网评：“超级低俗屠夫”被刑拘为谁敲响警钟
2015年05月29日13:42 来源：人民网-观点频道 手机看新闻
Shanghai Daily: China’s Communist Party reaches out to the West
Source: Xinhua | May 30, 2015, Saturday | Print Edition
IN a bid to help a Western audience understand why it remains the single, largest ruling party in a country of 1.3 billion people, the Communist Party of China has published a series of five books about itself, the English versions of which were launched at BookExpo America in New York on Thursday.
The “China Today: Understanding the CPC” series, published by Beijing-based Party Building Books Publishing House, is said to represent the first attempt by the 86-million-member CPC in its 94-year history to convey a “genuine and understandable” image of itself to the outside world.
“We have released this book series to cater to the needs of both the Party itself and the outside world,” Zhao Fan, the publisher’s president, told reporters at the launch.
“As China is becoming increasingly important in the international arena, most people, including those who once held stereotypes about the CPC, eventually want to know more about the Party,” Zhao said.
The books offer a rare glimpse into the world’s largest ruling political party, he said.
The first book in the series, “Exploring The Miracle,” explains the gist of the so-called China Miracle, or the country’s stunning economic rise after 36 years of reform and opening up.
Another three — “Serving The People,” “Governing China” and “China and the CPC” — focus on the fundamental aims of the Party and how it designs its governance structure, strategies and systems.
The last of the series, “The Good Fight,” highlights the ongoing anti-corruption campaign which has become one of the top priorities for the Party’s current leadership.
The books are said to lack the empty slogans that were common in Chinese political publications of the past.
Instead, they are full of historical anecdotes, substantial data, and stories of Party members deemed role models or those derided for their corruption and abuse of power.
Robert Lawrence Kuhn, chairman of the Kuhn Foundation, which is dedicated to promoting China-US relations, said the Party’s decision to open itself up was of significance to both China and the world.
“China is involved in every matter of international importance, yet China is misunderstood in many ways,” Kuhn said.
“People are more knowledgeable about China today but not so knowledgeable about the Party at all, and that’s why it is critical for the Party itself to make an outreach to the world in a detailed manner.”
While China is eager to cooperate with the rest of the world in promoting world peace and prosperity, it could only happen when the world understands China and the CPC in a proper way, he added.
Ryan Allen, a doctoral fellow with New York-based Columbia University, said the books offer an opportunity for Western audiences to understand a political party that led China from poverty to economic and political excellence.
“It’s always a good thing to offer information for people to read about and analyze. It shows the Party is trying to let people understand, including those who might be hostile or not willing to have the reception,” Allen said. “Now the step has already been made, the Americans have to reach out and take it.”
Several decades ago, when McCarthyism prevailed in the United States amid a so-called Red Scare, even the mere mention of communism seemed taboo.
“I think foreigners can disagree with the CPC, argue with the CPC, but all who need to understand China must understand the CPC,” Kuhn said.
Zhao said publication would have been impossible without “strong support and all-round assistance” from various Party departments, particularly the organization department of the Party’s Central Committee.
“In the past the Party seemed to be a sensitive topic to the external world, and it seemed to want to keep everything internal. But a very secretive approach doesn’t work in the world today,” said Kuhn. “Therefore, China and the Party should be credited, for a beginning of the current outreach and openness.”
He added: “We have seen the Party develop and we have had Party building in different ways that are very important. So now I think there is confidence to go out into the world. As this process continues, and as China continues to develop, I hope the Party will become more and more confident and more and more open.”