China Numbers

‘Numbers provide a common basis for communication about development and change, as evidenced by the broad spectrum of people who collect, articulate, concoct and analyse them. This research theme draws upon the wealth of information provided by numbers to deepen our understanding of China’s economy, geography, demography, environment, history, politics and society. As such, it overlaps and engages with each of the Centre’s other thematic groupings in ways both subtle and direct.’

Expert claims China has completed sixty-two percent of its great revival

Yang Yiyong, director of the Institute for Social Development under the National Development and Reform Commission, said at an academic forum in Beijing that based on calculations of the country’s economic and social development, education and health, scientific and technological innovation, living environment and international influence, a conclusion is drawn that China had completed sixty-two percent of its great revival by the end of 2010 and that China will enter the first tier of developed countries by 2049. The finding has drawn ridicule from the public and state media alike.


  • 南方日报: 中华民族复兴任务已完成62% (2012-8-5)
  • 新京报: 中华民族复兴指数,科学吗 (2012-8-6)
  • 人民网 : “中华民族复兴指数”发明者定义“伟大复兴”:2049年进入第一世界 (2012-8-7)


Thirteen Chinese megalopolises

The Economist Intelligence Unit published a report that identifies Thirteen ‘megalopolises’ or ‘super-sized cities’. They are:

    • Chang-Zhu-Tan


    • Changsha, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan


    • Pop. 8.3 million, GDP 320 billion


Chengdu area
Pop. 8.4 million, GDP 313 billion yuan

Chongqing area
Pop. 9.2 million, GDP 489 billion yuan

Greater Beijing
Beijing, Tianjin
Pop. 23.3 million, GDP 1,900 billion yuan

Greater Shanghai
Shanghai, Suzhou
Pop. 18.2 million, GDP 1,787 billion yuan

Greater Xi’an
Xi’an, Xianyang
Pop 7.9 million, GDP 264 billion yuan

Greater Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou, Kaifeng
Pop. 7.6 million, GDP 162 billion yuan

Greater Guangzhou
Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhaoqing
Pop. 10.8 million, GDP 1,356 billion yuan

Hefei economic circle
Hefei, Lu’an, Huainan, Chaohu
Pop. 7.2 million, GDP 222 billion yuan

Shandong peninsula
Qingdao, Yantai, Weihai, Rizhao, Weifang, Jinan, Binzhou, Dongying, Zibo
Pop. 17.9 million, GDP 1,227 billion yuan

Greater Shenyang
Shenyang, Anshan, Fushun, Yingkou, Benxi, Liaoyang, Tieling
Pop. 11 million, GDP 668 billion yuan

Pop. 11.1 million, GDP 820 billion yuan

Wuhan area
Pop. 8.3 million, GDP 389 billion yuan


One million Chinese in Africa

The Guangzhou Daily published a report looking at reasons behind the kidnapping of Chinese workers in Sudan and Egypt. The main reason — sheer numbers:

China has become Africa’s largest trading partner. Bilateral trade volume jumped from ten billion US$ in 2000 to over US$1.6 trillion in 2011. Africa is China’s second largest engineering contracting market, the second largest labor contracting market and fourth largest overseas investment destination. About one million Chinese citizens are engaged in various business activities in Africa.


  • 广州日报: 百万中国公民在非洲营生 因中国影响力大绑架增多 (2012-02-02)


Foxconn by the numbers

The non-profit American media organization Pro Publica pubpished a short piece on Foxconn, linking to a New York Times article about Apple, the iPhone and its discontents. Pro Publica summarized some of the numbers that describe Foxconn and its workforce. Some numbers come from the New York Times article, but the sourcing is not clearly indicated.

By the Numbers: Life and Death at Foxconn


Salary survey – Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou

Gemini, a recruitment company, published a survey of salaries in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou. The data comes from the company’s clients; they do not specify the sample size. Below are some of the findings (all numbers refer to monthly salary in yuan):

Junior secretary: 2,500 – 3,500
Executive secretary / PA: 13,000 – 21,000
Accountant: 10,000 – 15,000+
Finance director: 65,000+
Quality control manager: 14,000 – 24,000
HR manager: 20,000 – 35,000+
Translator: 8,000 – 18,000+
News editor: 5,000 – 8,500
Web editor: 6,000 – 19,000+
IT Progammer: 5,000 – 9,000
CEO advertising agency: 70,000 – 100,000
Regional sales manager: 26,000 – 36,000+
Mechanical engineer: 10,000 – 16,000
Senior architect: 25,000 – 45,000

A PDF of the survey is downloadable from here.


Urban Chinese now outnumber rural residents

Xinhua reports, China’s urban population outnumbers rural for first time:

The number of people living in China’s cities for the first time exceeded those living in the country’s rural areas as of the end of 2011, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said Tuesday.

The number of urban dwellers increased by twenty-one million to hit 690.79 million as of the end of 2011, accounting for 51.27 percent of the country’s total population, the NBS said.

Meanwhile, the rural population fell by 14.56 million to 656.56 million as of the end of 2011, the NBS noted.

The nation’s total population increased by 6.44 million over the past year to 1.34 billion, it said.
The number of people between the ages of fifteen and sixty-four stood at about one billion, or 74.4 percent of the nation’s total. The amount was down 0.1 percentage points from that of the previous year, the NBS said.


  • Sohu / 北青网: 统计局:中国城镇人口首次超农村 占51.27% (2012-01-18)
  • 南方都市报: 城市人口超过农村,城市该怎样让生活更美好? (2012-01-18 )
  • 和讯: 2011年中国出生人口性别比下降 城镇人口首超50% (2012-01-18)


513 million Internet users in China

The China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) released its 29th China Internet Development Statistical Report on Monday. The data comes from a survey (n=60,000) across thirty-one provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities. The full report is in this PDF.


China now has more than 500 million Internet users

At an event in Beijing on 11 January 2012, Gao Xinmin, Vice-director of CNNIC (China Internet Network Information Center – a government research organization) said that in November 2011, the total number of Internet users in China reached about 505 million.

Other numbers he mentioned:

  • 340 million people now use mobile phones to access the Internet;
  • More than 300 million people use microblogging (Weibo) services.

Update: See 513 million Internet users in China for details of the full CNNIC report published after the event mentioned above.


  • 中国互联网协会高新民:我国网民总数达5.05亿 (2012-01-11)